In many Western democracies, ethnic and racial minorities have demanded, and sometimes achieved, greater recognition and accommodation of their identities. This is reflected in the adoption of multiculturalism policies for immigrant groups, the acceptance of territorial autonomy and language rights for national minorities, and the recognition of land claims and self-government rights for indigenous peoples. These claims for recognition have been controversial, in part because of fears that they make it more difficult to sustain a robust welfare state by eroding the interpersonal trust, social solidarity and political coalitions that sustain redistribution. Are these fears of a conflict between a "politics of recognition" and a "politics of
redistribution" valid? This volume is the first systematic attempt to empirically test this question, using both cross-national statistical analyses of the relationships among diversity policies, public attitudes and the welfare state, and case studies of the recognition/ redistribution linkage in the political coalitions in particular countries, including the United States, Britain, Canada, Netherlands, Germany, and in Latin America. These studies suggest that that there is no general or inherent tendency for recognition to undermine redistribution, and that the relationship between these two forms of politics can be supportive as well as competitive, depending on the context. These findings shed important light, not only on the nature and effects of
multiculturalism, but also on wider debates about the social and political foundations of the welfare state, and indeed about our most basic concepts of citizenship and national identity. As a ground-breaking attempt to connect the literatures on multiculturalism and the welfare state, this volume will be of great interest to a wide range of scholars and practitioners who work on issues of ethnocultural diversity and social policy.
Readership: Scholars and students of politics and philosophy, particularly those with an interest in the welfare state, social policy, multiculturalism, citizenship studies, comparative politics, and political theory
Keith Banting, Research Chair in Public Policy, Queen's University., and Will Kymlicka, Research Chair in Political Philosophy, Queen's University
"The authors do what social scientists are meant to do: shoot down misconceptions and myths, propose hypotheses and provisional conclusions, while identifying questions for further research. For this and many other reasons they provide a much-needed corrective to the sillier depths of recent public debate...The book should be a standard point of reference and is already on its way to becoming one." - Journal of Social Policy
"This collection meets an important need...and will be of great interest to ongoing philosophical debates surrounding recognition and redistribution...The work done by Banting et al in this study is unquestionably thoughtful. Fans of Kymlicka's work will appreciate that this group share his gift for clarity and accessability." - Joshua Preiss in Ethics
Keith Banting and Will Kymlicka: Introduction: Multiculturalism and the welfare state: Setting the context
Part one: Cross-national studies
2: Keith Banting, Richard Johnston, Will Kymlicka, and Stuart Soroka: Do Multiculturalism policies erode the welfare state? An empirical analysis
3: Markus Crepaz: 'If you are my brother, I may give you a dime!' Public opinion on multiculturalism, trust, and the welfare state
Part two: Case studies
4: Rodney E. Hero and Robert R. Preuhs: Multiculturalism and welfare policies in the US states: A state-level comparative analysis
5: Geoffrey Evans: Is multiculturalism eroding support for welfare provision? The British case
6: Han Entzinger: The parallel decline of multiculturalism and the welfare state in the Netherlands
7: Peter A. Kraus and Karen Schönwälder: Multiculturalism in Germany: Rhetoric, scattered experiments, and future chances
8: Matt James: Do campaigns for historical redress erode the Canadian welfare state?
9: Nicola McEwen: Does the recognition of national minorities undermine the welfare state?
10: Donna Lee Van Cott: Multiculturalism versus neoliberalism in Latin America
11: Willem Assies: Neoliberalism and the re-emergence of ethnopolitics in Bolivia
Part three: Theoretical reflections
12: David Miller: Multiculturalism and the welfare state: Theoretical reflections
13: John Myles and Sébastien St.-Arnaud: diversity, multiculturalism, and the welfare state: Should welfare state theory be revised?