Readership: Scholars and students of international human rights law, humanitarian law, and war studies; policy-makers; governmental and non-governmental legal advisers
Edited by Francesco Francioni, Professor of International Law and Human Rights and Co-Director of the Academy of European Law EUI, and Natalino Ronzitti, Professor of International Law, LUISS University School of Law, Rome
Francesco Francioni has a doctorate in law from the University of Florence and an LLM from Harvard. He is Professor of international law and human rights at the European University Institute in Florence, where he is also Co-Director of the Academy of European Law. He was previously Professor of international law at the University of Siena and Visiting Professor at the Universities of Oxford, Cornell, and Texas.
Natalino Ronzitti is Professor of
international law at the LUISS University School of Law, Rome. He has given conferences and lectures in numerous foreign universities and institutions, including the Hague Academy of International Law. In addition to his academic career, he has been occasionally acted as a consultant for the Italian Ministry of Foreign Affairs and the Italian Ministry of Defence. He has also served as Legal Advisor for the Italian Permanent Representative to the Conference on Disarmament (Geneva).
"There is hardly a more timely or topical book for those who are interested in the evolution of international humanitarian law, or the expansion of human rights law to new areas and issues regarding the responsibility of states for acts outsourced to PMSCs ... It should quickly find a solid place on the shelves of all university law libraries and beyond." - Rein Müllerson, European Journal of International Law
"...the most comprehensive and up-to-date volume that grapples with the thorny issues surrounding PMSCs...that is currently available...the analyses presented will remain continually relevant into the future...an impressive achievement and it would be unsurprising if it became the definitive work in the area." -
Hin-Yan Liu, King's College London
"...a unique survey of the legal implications of employing private contractors on maritime vessels...a meaningful and necessary first step in such an analysis" - Piracy-law.com
"War by Contract is an impressive achievement and it would not be surprising if it became the definitive work in this area. War by Contract is certainly the most comprehensive and up-to-date volume that engages with the issues surrounding PMSCs, viewed from the perspective of international human rights and international humanitarian law, which is currently available" - Maria D Sommardahl, Nordic Law Review
Security and Policy Perspectives
1: Eugenio Cusumano: Policy Prospects for Regulating Private Military and Security Companies
2: Natalino Ronzitti: The Use of Private Contractors in the Fight against Piracy: Policy Options
3: Federico Lenzerini and Francesco Francioni: The Role of Human Rights in the Regulation of Private Military and Security Companies
4: Ieva Kalnina and Ugis Zeltins: The Impact of the EU Human Rights System on Operations of Private Military and Security Companies
5: Francesco Francioni: The Role of the Home State in Ensuring Compliance with Human Rights by Private Military Contractors
6: Carsten Hoppe: Positive Human Rights Obligations of the Hiring State in Connection with the Provision of Coercive Services by a Private Military And Security Company
7: Christine Bakker: Duties to Prevent, Investigate and Redress Human Rights Violations by Private Military and Security Companies: The Role of the Host State
8: Giulia Pinzauti: Adjudicating Human Rights Violations Committed by Private Contractors in Conflict Situations before the European Court of Human Rights
9: Guido Den Dekker and Eric Myjer: The Right to Life and Self-Defence of Private Military and Security Contractors in Armed Conflict
International Humanitarian Law
10: Luisa Vierucci: Private Military and Security Companies in Non-International Armed Conflicts: Ius ad Bellum and Ius in Bello Issues
11: Giulio Bartolini: Private Military Companies as "Persons who Accompany the Armed Forces"
12: Luisa Vierucci: Private Military and Security Companies in Non-International Armed Conflicts: Ius ad Bellum and Ius in Bello Issues
13: Christine Bakker and Susanna Greijer: Children's Rights: The Potential Impact of Private Military and Security Companies
14: Ana Filipa Vrdoljak: Women and Private Military and Security Companies
15: Valentina Falco: Private Military and Security Companies and the EU's Crisis Management: Perspectives under Human Rights and International Humanitarian Law
16: Marina Mancini, Faustin Ntoubandi and Thilo Marauhn: Old Concepts and New Challenges: Are Private Contractors the Mercenaries of the 21st Century?
Accountability and Responsibility of Private Contractors
17: Sorcha MacLeod: The Role of International Regulatory Initiatives on Business and Human Rights for Holding Private Military and Security Contractors to Account
18: Carsten Hoppe, Ottavio Quirico: Codes of Conduct for Private Military and Security Companies: The State of Self-regulation in the Industry
19: Nigel White: Institutional Responsibility for Private Military and Security Contractors
20: Charlotte Beaucillon, Julian Fernandez and Hélène Raspail: State Responsibility for Conduct of PMSC Violating Ius ad Bellum
Criminal and Civil Liability of Private Military and Security Companies and their Employees
21: Ottavio Quirico: The Criminal Responsibility of PMSC Personnel under International Humanitarian Law
22: Micaela Frulli: Immunity for Private Contractors: Legal Hurdles or Political Snags?
23: Andrea Atteritano: Liability in Tort of Private Military and Security Companies: Jurisdictional Issues and Applicable Law